How to read file in Java using Scanner Example - text files

Reading file with Scanner
From Java 5 onwards java.util.Scanner class can be used to read file in Java. Earlier we have seen example of reading file in Java using FileInputStream and reading file line by line using BufferedInputStream and in this Java tutorial we will See How can we use Scanner to read files in Java. Scanner is a utility class in java.util package and provides several convenient method to read int, long, String, double etc from source which can be an InputStream, a file or a String itself. As noted on How to get input from User, Scanner is also an easy way to read user input using (InputStream) as source.Main advantage of using Scanner for reading file is that it allows you to change delimiter using useDelimiter() method, So you can use any other delimiter like comma, pipe instead of white space.

How to Read File in Java - Scanner Example

How to read file in Java 5 using Scanner with ExampleIn this Java program, we have used java.util.Scanner to read file line by line in Java. We have first created a File instance to represent a text file in Java and than we passed this File instance to java.util.Scanner for scanning. Scanner provides methods like hasNextLine() and readNextLine() which can be used to read file line by line. It's advised to check for next line before reading next line to avoid NoSuchElementException in Java.  Here is complete code example of using Scanner to read text file in Java :

import java.util.Scanner;

 * Java program to read file using Scanner class in Java.
 * java.util.Scanner is added on Java 5 and offer convenient method to read data
 * @author

public class ScannerExample {

    public static void main(String args[]) throws FileNotFoundException {
        //creating File instance to reference text file in Java
        File text = new File("C:/temp/test.txt");
        //Creating Scanner instnace to read File in Java
        Scanner scnr = new Scanner(text);
        //Reading each line of file using Scanner class
        int lineNumber = 1;
            String line = scnr.nextLine();
            System.out.println("line " + lineNumber + " :" + line);

line 1 :--------------------- START-----------------------------------------------------
line 2 :Java provides several way to read files.
line 3 :You can read file using Scanner, FileReader, FileInputStream and BufferedReader.
line 4 :This Java program shows How to read file using java.util.Scanner class.
line 5 :--------------------- END--------------------------------------------------------

This is the content of test.txt file exception line numbers. You see it doesn't require much coding to read file in Java using Scanner. You just need to create an instance of Scanner and you are ready to read file.

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  1. import;
    Why is this line put ?? What is the function of it??

    1. Its a library in order the compiler to understand what is File for example

    2. It's a library, contains the class FileNotFoundException which is used for throwing a exception in case of not find any input text file.

    3. The statement
      just makes it easier to use the Exception class It doesn't import any class, it just makes a name easier to use. You just need to write FileNotFoundException instead of the full name.
      So it doesn't have anything to do with any Java libraries (Jar files).

      When the program create a new File object, it will throw a object which contains an error code if the named file doesn't exists.

      As there are no try ... catch that handles that exception in the main method, the method main must then be declared to be expected to generate such an error to everyone that calls the main method.